Series - Hats in Art

A real Catherinette hat before starting a series on hats in art!

Van Eyck, "The Man in the Red Turban", 1433. Probably a self-portrait.

On the edge of the frame is written, in Greek letters "Jan Van Eyck made me on October 21, 1433" and on its lower part, his motto: "AlC IXH XAN", literally "I do what I can".
At beginning of the 14th century, for men appears the liripipion which is a kind of pointed, elongated hood; its point will go while lengthening until being carried in turban towards the end of the century.

Albrecht Dürer, "Head of an old man wearing a red cap", 1520. A marvel from the Louvre collections.

A marvel, "The Fortune Teller", painted by Caravaggio in 1596.
The elegant young man has his future predicted by the gypsy who discreetly steals the ring on his right hand. The moralizing work condemns deception, but also naivety. The faces are overwhelmingly youthful.
This beauty is kept in Paris at the Louvre Museum, another version of this subject is kept in Rome, in the collections of the Capitoline Pinacoteca of Rome.
These two paintings were painted at the start of Caravaggio's career, shortly after his arrival in Rome.

"Antoinette-Elisabeth-Marie d'Aguesseau, Countess of Ségur", painted by Louise-Elisabeth Vigée Le Brun in 1785.

Fervent royalist, Vigée Le Brun will be successively painter of the court of France, of Marie-Antoinette and Louis XVI, of the Kingdom of Naples, of the Court of the Emperor of Vienna, of the Emperor of Russia and of the Restoration.

The harmony of colors is really subtle and perfect: light orange, for the edge of the hat, touches in the flowers, pleats in the skirt.

A Countess of Ségur, but not the one who wrote "The misfortunes of Sophie".

For my hats series and to change a bit from the Japanese prints, here is a work from Korea. Very traditional, we find there the tiger which is one of the two omnipresent subjects in Korean art.

Édouard Manet "Madame Manet at Bellevue", (Suzanne Leenhoff) 1880.

For my Hats series, Eugène Delacroix, "Four men wearing tall hats", 1824.

A true chronicle of fashion.

"Still life with straw hat", 1881.

How beautiful is this hat! Classical workmanship and perfect technique, Vincent van Gogh then greatly dilutes the paint which gives an impression of blur. The thick and raised keys, it will be for later.

Vincent van Gogh was then 28 years old and he returned to live in Holland in the family home after a short stay in Belgium. 1881 was also the year when his brother Theo was appointed manager of the Goupil & Cie branch on the boulevard Montmartre in Paris and when he decided to support his brother Vincent.

For my hats series, perhaps my favorite, sometimes the self-portraits testify, with infinite seriousness, to the humor of the artists, this is the case of this painting by James Ensor: "Self-portrait with a flowered hat", 1883.

"Portrait of Giuseppe Verdi with a white scarf" by Giovanni Boldini, painted in 1886.

Boldoni knew how to sublimate women just as here he was able to reveal the whole personality of the Italian composer.

Vincent van Gogh painted himself a thousand times, but almost always with a stripe on his head. Like in this "Self-Portrait with a Straw Hat" from 1887.

This one is quite unique, with the barely painted background, this red border that catches the eye, but quickly, our eyes escape to return to plunge into the black pupils of the artist.

Edmund Charles Tarbell, "The Blue Veil" painted in 1898.

Giovanni Boldini, "The Divine in blue" around 1905. This divine is, of course, Sarah Bernhardt.

Boldini is really on the fringes of all the artistic movements of his time, an exceptional portrait painter, he sublimates women and reveals characters. He develops a kind of totally descriptive figuration, where we recognize the designers, the jewels, the faces, yet the paint seems thrown on the canvas, far from the French impressionists, he remains an unclassifiable artist.

Amedéo Modigliani, "Woman wearing a hat", 1907.

Odilon Redon (1840 - 1916), "Man in a large black hat, dressed in a doublet"

Emil Nolde, "Self-portrait" of 1917 of this lover of nature and his roots, he took the name of his native village as his pseudonym.

A surreal rarity for my hats series. Max Ernst "It's the hat that makes the man", 1920
A surreal rarity for my hats series.

Max Ernst "It's the hat that makes the man", 1920

Nothing destined Jacqueline Marval, born in 1866, to become an artist. In 1884, as a teacher, she painted as an amateur under the name of Marie Jacques.

Married to a traveling salesman from whom she quickly separated, she chose to work in Grenoble as a waistcoat maker, more suited to her imagination. From 1892 his meeting with the painters Joseph François Girot and Jules Flandrin will change the course of his life. She joined them in Paris, then, with the support of Rouault, Camoin, Marquet and Matisse, she really started painting. In 1901 she took part in the Salon des Indépendants, to which she remained faithful until 1914.

In 1923, she produced the poster, the invitation and the cover of the catalog of the Salon d'Automne.

In 1929, the Musée des Beaux-Arts in Rouen honored her by presenting her jointly with Van Dongen.

The following year, ill, she gradually abandoned the game and died in 1932 in extreme solitude. His work will be quickly forgotten; it will be necessary to wait for the re-reading of the history of art by feminist historians for it to regain its place among the fauves.

"Woman with a hat".

Joan Miró, "Portrait of Heriberto Casany", 1918.

"Here in Barcelona we lack courage", wrote Miró at the end of 1917 to his workshop companion Enric Ricart. "We, the younger generation, could get together and exhibit every year, all together under the name 'Salon Jaune Chrome'. We must be men of action."

During the following months, Miró, Ricart and other artists founded the "Courbet" group, attached both to Catalan tradition and to radical pictorial innovation. Among the three works presented by Miró during the first "Courbet" exhibition in 1918, this portrait of his friend Heriberto Casany.

Totally improbable in Joan Miró's work, this car hanging on the wall must no doubt refer to Casany's father's taxi rental business.

Joan Miró, "Woman with a Red Hat", 1927.

In 1924, Miró in Paris, joined the group of surrealists. In 1926, he moved to a studio in Montmartre near other surrealist artists, including Max Ernst, René Magritte, Jean Arp and Paul Eluard.
Painted in 1927, this work, from the series of "dream paintings", is characteristic for its signs and symbols suspended in space.

This is one of a small group of paintings of the same size, sharing the same luminous blue background populated by enigmatic lines and shapes that draw inspiration from the Fratellini brothers who performed at Cirque Medrano in Paris in the 1920s and which inspired Picasso or Calder. I will post the other paintings soon.
First of all simply titled "Painting", "Woman with a red hat" is not explicitly linked to the circus, I see in it a tribute to the native Catalonia of Miró, with this typical cap called Barretina.
What a beauty !

Tamara de Lempicka, "Young girl in green", 1930.

Many portraits of women with a fascinator placed on their heads in the work of Picasso, a genius from Malaga.
I have a weakness for this painting. "Woman with a green hat", 1939.

Rainy day !

It's raining men! Hallelujah!
It's raining men! Amen!
I'm gonna go out to run and let myself get
Absolutely soaking wet!
It's raining men! Hallelujah!

It's raining men! Every specimen!
Tall, blonde, dark and lean
Rough and tough and strong and mean

René Magritte, "Golconda", 1953.
This "rain" of men in bowler hats, dressed in dark gray, has become a metaphor for the human condition in the 20th century, the symbol of the loss of individual identity and the monotonous banality of everyday life.

Giorgio de Chirico "Self Portrait", 1954

Chirico is best known for his metaphysical paintings, made between 1909 and 1919. These melancholy renderings of dimly lit city squares with long shadows and empty walkways, steeped in surrealism, they influenced André Breton, Salvador Dalí or René Magritte .

When de Chirico abandons the metaphysical style, he returns to traditional painting, as with this earthy self-portrait. The surrealists then publicly criticized this anti-modern development, Chirico then broke with the surrealist group.

Magnificent Kees van Dongen with this lithograph "Le Coquelicot", produced in 1960 for an exhibition in Albi.

"Seated Woman with Hat", Pablo Picasso, 1961, Kunsthaus Zurich

Roy Lichtenstein very inspired by Fernand Léger. Tribute.

René Magritte, "The Pilgrim", 1966

Whaaa, perfect for my hats series, how beautiful is this galure in this "presumed portrait of Winston Churchill as a painter" by Eduardo Arroyo, from 1975, a sublime period of Narrative Figuration.
Perfect for my hats series, how beautiful is this galure in this "presumed portrait of Winston Churchill as a painter" by Eduardo Arroyo, from 1975, a sublime period of Narrative Figuration.

Andy Warhol, "Ingrid with Hat", 1990.

Following the success of the Campbell's Soup series in the early 1960s, Warhol rolled out a series of portraits of movie stars, including Marilyn Monroe, Elvis Presley, Elizabeth Taylor and Ingrid Berman.

The Ingrid Bergman series includes three serigraphs of the Oscar-winning actress in 1983. Warhol presents her as in the 1942 film "Casablanca" (work presented here), in the 1945 film "The Bell of Saint Mary" (The Nun ), as well as a publicity photo (Herself).

Gérard Gasiorowski, "The Hats of the Worosis-Kiga Academy". 1976-1982

John Baldessari, "Two Profiles, One with Nose and Turban; One with Ear and Hat, from Noses & Ears, Etc.", 2006

Jacques Monory, "Photo novel", 2008.

In narrative figuration, he remains one of the most important, with American collectors and museums now eyeing his most beautiful paintings.

Alex Katz "Black Hat", 2010.

To close my Hats series, this painting by Fernand Léger that my grandfather always kept on his walls and then entered the Center Pompidou thanks to my family.

It appeared in the remarkable Charlie Chaplin exhibition organized by the Nantes Museum of Arts where this photo was taken.